Tsinghua Science and Technology

2022, v.27(06) 881-893

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MIX-RS:A Multi-Indexing System Based on HDFS for Remote Sensing Data Storage
MIX-RS:A Multi-Indexing System Based on HDFS for Remote Sensing Data Storage

Jiashu Wu;Jingpan Xiong;Hao Dai;Yang Wang;Chengzhong Xu;

摘要(Abstract):

A large volume of Remote Sensing(RS) data has been generated with the deployment of satellite technologies.The data facilitate research in ecological monitoring,land management and desertification,etc.The characteristics of RS data(e.g.,enormous volume,large single-file size,and demanding requirement of fault tolerance) make the Hadoop Distributed File System(HDFS) an ideal choice for RS data storage as it is efficient,scalable,and equipped with a data replication mechanism for failure resilience.To use RS data,one of the most important techniques is geospatial indexing.However,the large data volume makes it time-consuming to efficiently construct and leverage.Considering that most modern geospatial data centres are equipped with HDFS-based big data processing infrastructures,deploying multiple geospatial indices becomes natural to optimise the efficacy.Moreover,because of the reliability introduced by high-quality hardware and the infrequently modified property of the RS data,the use of multi-indexing will not cause large overhead.Therefore,we design a framework called Multi-IndeXing-RS(MIX-RS) that unifies the multi-indexing mechanism on top of the HDFS with data replication enabled for both fault tolerance and geospatial indexing efficiency.Given the fault tolerance provided by the HDFS,RS data are structurally stored inside for faster geospatial indexing.Additionally,multi-indexing enhances efficiency.The proposed technique naturally sits on top of the HDFS to form a holistic framework without incurring severe overhead or sophisticated system implementation efforts.The MIX-RS framework is implemented and evaluated using real remote sensing data provided by the Chinese Academy of Sciences,demonstrating excellent geospatial indexing performance.

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Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): supported in part by Key-Area Research and Development Program of Guangdong Province(No.2020B010164002);; the Fundamental Research Foundation of Shenzhen Technology and Innovation Council (No.KCXFZ20201221173613035)

作者(Authors): Jiashu Wu;Jingpan Xiong;Hao Dai;Yang Wang;Chengzhong Xu;

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